What Is Hemp?
Hemp (Cannabis sativa) has been one of the most controversial plants. A lot of people misunderstand it as a hallucinogen; neglecting its beneficial parts while
emphasizing its negative effects.
Hemp holds great potential in terms of medicinal and a wide range of industrial applications. Some of its industrial usage includes paper, oil, purses, clothing, ice-creams, milk, ropes, even building materials.
So, let us discuss about the origin of hemp.
Hemp has been cultivated back to Stone Age for over than Ten Thousand years and indigenous to Central Asia. Hemp impressions have also been found out in places like China and Taiwan, going back to 8000 BC.
During that time, hemp was significantly utilized as fiber to make household items, clothing, shoes, ropes, even papers. Chinese are credited to have introduced paper to the world. Research reveals that the very first paper that was made by Chinese comprised of hemp.
Till 14th century, hemp was a common material used for clothing and various other household items. Hemp has played a great role during the medieval period to endorse independent press mills, manufacture clothes, and even make war clothes due to its toughness which is ten times that of cotton. Today, after extensive researches and innovations, it is known that hemp can be used to make a whopping 25000 different products.
Hemp by all means and purposes an s synonym to a wonder plant. It produces four times the amount of fiber a wood forest would produce and can re-grow in just a span of 3-4 months. There is no need for herbicides and no extra costs involved in using fertilizers. Besides, hemp is also a great power source of nutrition. It provides omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, vitamins and minerals such as vitamin E and iron, and filled with high amount of protein.
According to the Hemp Industries Association, hemp products are one of the fastest-growing natural products in the United States, with estimated sales of $400 million in 2010.
Today, hemp cultivation may be prohibited in many parts of the world. In US, hemp was considered illegal to be grown since 1938 without prior permission of concerned authorities. China, on the other hand is the largest producer of hemp followed by several other countries like France, Romania, Hungary, Spain, Russia, and Poland.
Apart from making papers, clothes, and thousands of other household products, hemp also has great medicinal value. Although, the medicinal properties of hemp never got the limelight, scientists all over the world have found out plethora of other ways in which hemp can be used a medicinal ingredient.
Hemp has always been considered as an exhilarating herb. For decades, the US has treated Marijuana and Hemp under the same category of hallucinogenic substances. Hemp is harmful and has side effects when injected in undue amounts. Hemp should never be injected especially while working on machinery or driving. It is also feared that consumption of hemp and similar substances leads the user to try hard drugs such as cocaine and heroin. That’s one of the main reasons why hemp has been made illegal in many parts of the world. But that’s just a cover for a much supported intrigue behind banning hemp.
Of course! In business, if you start to outshine others, you will gradually find yourself on top of your competitors blacklist. That’s what happened exactly to the production of hemp. Hemp was banned because it was a competitive threat to many new emerging companies developing newly fabricated synthetics, clothes, and various other products which hemp can easily provide at a considerably lower price. Next step, hemp was plummeted in the category of marijuana (also an injurious drug) and so was banned its free cultivation. Due to lack of knowledge and unawareness among general public, United States outlawed against the production of hemp in 1938.
On a brighter image, hemp is one of the most economical crops to grow. There is no other plant which can produce as much paper per acre as hemp can. It is cheaper, easier to grow and harvest. Moreover, it produced twice as much fabric as cotton and ten times tougher. Hemp can play a critical role in preserving our trees and reduce wood consumption on a large extent.
Hemp can be fabricate to produce building materials which are cheaper, stronger, and lighter than wood. It saves a lot of trees to be cut down for the purpose of construction. Hemp is also a great substitute for making papers. Thus, using hemp can considerably save trees and cut down costs.
If only it was not made illegal, farmers and families all across the world could have harvested its profit as it is very easy to grow, takes only 100 days to grow and cultivable in a wide range of soils, climatic conditions with minimal requirements. Optimum temperature for growth of hemp is 20-30 Degree Celsius. Since, adequate light and CO2 is required by every plant for photosynthesis, it’s recommended that hemp be always grown outdoors.
To summarize, hemp if used correctly can be one of the most beneficial herbs as it is easy to grow and generates huge profit. Plants like hemp have a great future ahead. With the advancement in technology, people are getting to know more and more about this astonishing herb having huge potential to significantly support an entire nation’s economy. Due to a lot of controversies and misunderstandings associated with use of hemp by drug addicts, its full potential has been kept away from the general public. Way past the myths, hemp can be one of the most useful crops to be used by humankind.